The implications of previous history of anorexia nervosa in patients with current bulimia nervosa: Alterations in daily functioning, decision-making, and bone status.

About this resource

OBJECTIVE: It is not yet clear what role previous history of anorexia nervosa (AN) plays in the clinical course of bulimia nervosa (BN). We aimed to investigate, using a comprehensive assessment, involving clinical characteristics, daily functioning, cognitive functions, and nutritional and physical markers in BN patients with a history of AN, and compare them with BN patients without a history of AN. METHODS: Eighty-five patients with a current episode of BN (35 with a lifetime history of AN) were analysed. Diagnoses were established according to the DSM-5 criteria. Patients completed neuropsychological tests and filled out validated psychiatric questionnaires. Sociodemographic data and nutritional and somatic illness markers were collected and investigated. RESULTS: BN patients with a history of previous lifetime AN had worse decision-making ability, worse general and specific functioning, decreased bone density, more antecedent of lifetime suicide attempts, more dietary restraint, and more frequent use of laxatives. The multivariate model shows that the history of AN is closely associated with worse decision-making ability, worse general function, and higher likelihood of lifetime suicide attempts. DISCUSSION: Prior history of AN is an important clinical question that should receive proper attention when treating BN patients, as this subgroup of patients may have specific care needs.

AuthorStrumila, Robertas; Nobile, Benedicte; Maimoun, Laurent; Jaussent, Isabelle; Seneque, Maude; Thiebaut, Sylvain; Iceta, Sylvain; Dupuis-Maurin, Kathlyne; Lefebvre, Patrick; Courtet, Philippe; Renard, Eric; Guillaume, Sebastien
JournalEuropean eating disorders review : the journal of
Volume28
Year2020

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